Order of Orange-Nassau
During World War II, the Order of Orange-Nassau was bestowed upon both members of the Netherlands military and members of foreign services who had helped liberate the Netherlands from Nazi German occupation, and those who helped liberate the former Dutch colonies in the Pacific. In the modern age, the Orange-Nassau is still the most active civil and military decoration of the Netherlands, and ranks after the Order of the Netherlands Lion. The order is typically awarded each year on the Monarch's official birthday (currently April 27) with around 3500 appointments to the order made public. The order is also used to honour foreign princes, ministers, dignitaries and diplomats.
The Order of Orange-Nassau has two divisions, civil and military, the former denoted by a wreath of laurel on the badges, and the latter by crossed swords on both the badges and the stars. Until 1996, the Order of Orange-Nassau consisted of five grades: Knight Grand Cross, Grand Officer, Commander, Officer, and Knight with additional honourary medals issued. After 1996, the honourary medals were replaced with a sixth grade, Member.
The star of the order is a silver star with straight rays, in 8 points for Grand Cross and in 4 points for Grand Officer; the central disc has the King's arms in gold and blue enamel, surrounded by a white enamel ring bearing the Dutch national motto Je Maintiendrai. The military division has crossed swords.
- Knight Grand Cross - badge may be worn on a sash on the right shoulder, plus an 8-pointed star on the left chest;
- Grand Officer - badge may be worn by men on a necklet, and by women worn on a ribbon tied as a bow at the left chest. Also a 4-pointed star is worn on the left chest;
- Commander - badge may be worn by men on a necklet, and by women worn on a ribbon tied as a bow at the left chest;
- Officer - wears the badge on a ribbon with a rosette on the left chest;
- Knight - wears the badge on a ribbon on the left chest;
- Member - wears a smaller badge on a ribbon on the left chest.
There have been 9 Signals recipients of the Order of Orange Nassau. Please see Order of Orange-Nassau - Signals Recipients for a listing of the individuals.